SIPRI Yearbook 2020 launched
Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-III – Security
- The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) launched the findings of SIPRI Yearbook 2020, which assesses the current state of armaments, disarmament and international security.
- Amount of nuclear weapons possessed by 9 nuclear-armed nations together decreased from 13,865 (2020) to 13,400 (2019).
- These nuclear-armed nations are:
- The United States
- United Kingdom
- North Korea
- Despite an overall decrease, all nuclear weapon-possessing states continue to modernize their nuclear arsenals.
- Russia and the United States together possess more than 90% of global nuclear weapons.
- China and Pakistan possess more nuclear weapons than India.
- In 2019, India had 130-140 warheads.
- China is developing a nuclear triad for the first time, made up of new land- and sea-based missiles and nuclear-capable aircraft.
Important value additions
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
- It is an international institute based in Stockholm, Sweden.
- It was established in 1966.
- It is dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.
- It provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public.