SIPRI Yearbook 2020 launched

  • IASbaba
  • June 17, 2020
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SIPRI Yearbook 2020 launched

Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-III – Security

In News:

  • The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) launched the findings of SIPRI Yearbook 2020, which assesses the current state of armaments, disarmament and international security.

Key takeaways 

  • Amount of nuclear weapons possessed  by 9 nuclear-armed nations together decreased from 13,865 (2020) to 13,400 (2019). 
  • These nuclear-armed nations are: 
    • The United States
    • Russia
    • United Kingdom
    • France
    • China
    • India
    • Pakistan
    • Israel 
    • North Korea
  • Despite an overall decrease, all nuclear weapon-possessing states continue to modernize their nuclear arsenals.
  • Russia and the United States together possess more than 90% of global nuclear weapons.
  • China and Pakistan possess more nuclear weapons than India. 
  • In 2019, India had 130-140 warheads.
  • China is developing a nuclear triad for the first time, made up of new land- and sea-based missiles and nuclear-capable aircraft.

Important value additions 

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)

  • It is an international institute based in Stockholm, Sweden. 
  • It was established in 1966.
  • It is dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. 
  • It provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public.

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