SOFI 2020 Report on Food Security
Part of: GS Prelims and Mains I and II – Poverty; Social/Welfare issues; Food Security
According to State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) 2020 report –
- The world is not on track to meet the goal of zero hunger by 2030.
- Around 8-13 crore people globally are likely to go hungry this year due to the economic recession triggered by COVID19.
- Almost 690 million people around the world went hungry in 2019. (up by 1 crore in 2018)
- Hunger continues to be on the rise since 2014 and the global prevalence of undernourishment, or overall percentage of hungry people, is 8.9%.
- Asia remains home to the greatest number of under nourished (38 crore). Africa is second (25 crore), followed by Latin America and the Caribbean (4.8 crore).
According to current estimates, in 2019,
- 21.3% (14.4.crore) of children under 5 years were stunted,
- 6.9% (4.7 crore) wasted and
- 5.6% (3.8 million) overweight
- A healthy diet costs more than ₹143 (or $1.90/ day) which is the international poverty threshold.
Do you know?
- SOFI report is a join report issued annually by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, UNICEF, the World Food Programme and the World Health Organization.
- It presents the latest estimates on food insecurity, hunger and malnutrition at the global and regional levels.
- The 2020 edition continues to signal that significant challenges remain in the fight against food insecurity and malnutrition in all its forms.