United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Part of: GS Prelims and Mains II – Role of international organizations
- OCHA is a United Nations (U.N.) body
- It was established in 1991 to strengthen the international response to complex emergencies and natural disasters
- It is the successor to the Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator (UNDRO)
- OCHA’s mandate was subsequently broadened to include coordinating humanitarian response, policy development and humanitarian advocacy
- OCHA organized the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul, Turkey.
- It is a sitting observer in the United Nations Development Group.
- The headquarters is based in two locations (New York and Geneva)