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Great Andamanese Tribe

  • IASbaba
  • August 31, 2020
  • 0
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Great Andamanese Tribe

Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-I – Tribes

In News:

  • Recently, the Great Andamanese tribe were in news when some of its members tested positive for COVID-19.
  • They are one of the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal group (PVTG) of the region.
  • This is one of the first cases of COVID-19 infection among the endangered PVTGs of the region.

Important value additions 

The Great Andamanese 

  • They are one of five PVTGs that reside in the Andamans archipelago. 
  • They speak Jeru among themselves.
  • Total population is just 74.
  • The five PVTGS residing in Andamans are Great Andamanese, Jarawas, Onges, Shompens and North Sentinelese.

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG)s 

  • Concerned Ministry: Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) & Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MTA)
  • 75 tribal groups have been categorized as PVTGs by MHA. 
  • They reside in 18 States and UT of A&N Islands. 
  • MTA implements “Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)” scheme exclusively for them. 
  • Under the scheme, Conservation-cum-Development (CCD) Plans are to be prepared by each State/UT for their PVTGs based on their need assessment.
  • The plans are then appraised and approved by the Project Appraisal Committee of the Tribal Affairs Ministry. 
  • Sectors for which activities are undertaken: Education, Health, Livelihood and Skill Development, Agricultural Development, Housing & Habitat, Conservation of Culture etc.

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