Great Andamanese Tribe
Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-I – Tribes
- Recently, the Great Andamanese tribe were in news when some of its members tested positive for COVID-19.
- They are one of the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal group (PVTG) of the region.
- This is one of the first cases of COVID-19 infection among the endangered PVTGs of the region.
Important value additions
The Great Andamanese
- They are one of five PVTGs that reside in the Andamans archipelago.
- They speak Jeru among themselves.
- Total population is just 74.
- The five PVTGS residing in Andamans are Great Andamanese, Jarawas, Onges, Shompens and North Sentinelese.
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG)s
- Concerned Ministry: Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) & Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MTA)
- 75 tribal groups have been categorized as PVTGs by MHA.
- They reside in 18 States and UT of A&N Islands.
- MTA implements “Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)” scheme exclusively for them.
- Under the scheme, Conservation-cum-Development (CCD) Plans are to be prepared by each State/UT for their PVTGs based on their need assessment.
- The plans are then appraised and approved by the Project Appraisal Committee of the Tribal Affairs Ministry.
- Sectors for which activities are undertaken: Education, Health, Livelihood and Skill Development, Agricultural Development, Housing & Habitat, Conservation of Culture etc.
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