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Cooperative Labour in Odisha Tribes

  • IASbaba
  • September 19, 2020
  • 0
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Cooperative Labour in Odisha Tribes

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I – Society

In news

  • Recently, labour cooperatives among tribal communities in Odisha were in the news.
  • The tribes include the Dongria Kondh, Juanga, Lanjia Saura, Saura, Didayi, Paudi Bhuyan and Kandh.
  • These cooperatives ensure all families of the community have food and no fields remain barren. The feeling of collective belongingness is also strengthened.

Important value additions

Dongria Kondh

  • They derive their name from dongar, meaning ‘hill’.
  • They are the members of Khond Tribe.
  • They are a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group.
  • They reside in the Niyamgiri hill range of Odisha.
  • Language: Kui language (Oral only, not written)
  • They worship Niyam Raja, the god of the Niyamgiri Forests.
  • They sustain themselves from the resources of the Niyamgiri forests, practising horticulture and shifting cultivation
  • They are currently facing displacement and health problems due to the Bauxite mining in the Niyamgiri hills.

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