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Indian Brain Templates developed at NIMHANS

  • IASbaba
  • September 19, 2020
  • 0
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Indian Brain Templates developed at NIMHANS

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Achievements of Indians in Science and Technology; 

In news

  • A team of neuroscientists from the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS) has developed Indian Brain Templates (IBT) and a brain atlas. 

Key takeaways 

  • Neuroscientists studied over 500 brain scans of Indian patients to develop five sets of Indian Brain Templates (IBT) and a brain atlas.
  • IBT provides a scale that will measure an Indian Brain. 
  • Brain Atlas has been developed for five age groups covering late childhood to late adulthood (six to 60 years).
  • These new population and age-specific Indian brain templates will allow more reliable tracking of brain development and ageing.
  • They will provide more precise reference maps for areas of interest in individual patients with neurological disorders like strokes, brain tumours, and dementia.
  • These will also help pool information more usefully in group studies of the human brain and psychological functions. 
  • These will aid in understanding of psychiatric illnesses like Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), autism, substance dependence, schizophrenia, and mood disorders.

Do you know? 

  • Brain Template is a gross representation from various brain images to understand brain functionality in diseased conditions. 
  • The Montreal Neurological Index (MNI) template that India currently uses is based on Caucasian brains, which are different from Asian brains.

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