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Protests Against Farm Ordinances 

  • IASbaba
  • September 4, 2020
  • 0
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Protests Against Farm Ordinances 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Centre-state Relations; Policies and interventions

In news

  • Recently, the Punjab Assembly passed a resolution and rejected the Centre’s recent farm ordinances and the proposed Electricity (Amendment) Bill 2020.

Key takeaways

The ordinances include:

  • Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance, 2020
  • Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Ordinance, 2020
  • Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020.
  • These ordinances are expected to allow free movement of agricultural produce between states and let the farmers decide to whom they want to sell their crops.
  • The Electricity (Amendment) Bill 2020 centralizes the power sector through establishment of Electricity Contract Enforcement Authority.
  • Recognition of franchisees and sub- licensees under the Bill might open the sector to private players.

Punjab’s Stand:

  • Entry 14 of List II of the Constitution comprises agriculture as the subject of the states.
  • Therefore, the three ordinances passed by the Centre are against the Constitution of India.
  • These ordinances are a direct encroachment upon the functions of the states and against the spirit of cooperative federalism enshrined in the Constitution.

Important value additions

  • Article 246 adopts a threefold distribution of legislative power between the Union and the states.
  • The subject-wise distribution of this power is given in the three lists of the Seventh Schedule of the constitution:
  • List-I- the Union List
  • List-II- the State List
  • List-III- the Concurrent List

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