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Coal Gasification and Liquefaction webinar held

  • IASbaba
  • September 4, 2020
  • 0
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Coal Gasification and Liquefaction webinar held

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Energy resources

In news

  • The Union Coal Ministry organised a webinar on Coal Gasification and Liquefaction recently.

Key takeaways

  • India aims for 100 million tonnes (MT) coal gasification by 2030 with investments worth over Rs. 4 lakh crores, said Pralhad Joshi, Union Minister of Coal and Mines.
  • For encouraging use of clean sources of fuel, the government has provided for a concession of 20% on revenue share of coal used for gasification. 
  • This will boost production of synthetic natural gas, energy fuel, and urea for fertilisers and production of other chemicals.

Do you know?

  • For development of Surface Coal Gasification in India, a Steering Committee has been constituted under the chairmanship of Dr. V.K. Saraswat, Member, NITI Aayog comprising members from the Ministry of Coal.
  • CIL has also planned to set up at least 3 gasification plants (besides Dankuni) on BOO basis (Build-Own-Operate) through global tendering and has signed an MOU with GAIL for marketing synthetic natural gas.

Important value additions

Coal gasification 

  • It is the process of producing syngas—a mixture consisting primarily of carbon monoxide, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, natural gas, and water vapour —from coal and water, air and/or oxygen.

Coal liquefaction 

  • It is a process of converting coal into liquid hydrocarbons: liquid fuels and petrochemicals. 

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