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Areas suitable for grassland restoration and conservation identified in Tropical Montane Grasslands (TMG)

  • IASbaba
  • December 22, 2020
  • 0
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Areas suitable for grassland restoration and conservation identified in Tropical Montane Grasslands (TMG)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Environment

In news

  • Tropical montane grasslands (TMG) in the Shola Sky Islands of the Western Ghats have suffered big reductions due to invasions by exotic trees. 
  • However, researchers have now identified areas suitable for grassland restoration and conservation to reverse the decline.

Key takeaways 

  • TMG are high elevation grasslands forming only 2% of all grasslands in the world.
  • Function: Regulating the global carbon cycle and serving as a source of water to downstream communities.
  • In India, TMG have been classified as wastelands in forest management plans since they are unlikely to generate revenue, contrary to the timber found in forests.

Do you know? 

  • In the Western Ghats, 23% of montane grasslands were reportedly converted into invasive exotic tree cover over a period of 44 years.

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