Gwalior and Orchha included in World Heritage City

  • IASbaba
  • December 10, 2020
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Gwalior and Orchha included in World Heritage City

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I – Society; Culture; History

In news

  • Gwalior and Orchha of Madhya Pradesh have been included in the list of World Heritage City by UNESCO.

Important value addition


  • Orchha located in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh. 
  • Orchha is popular for its temples and palaces.
  • It was the capital of the Bundela kingdom in the 16th century.
  • The famous spots in the town are Raj Mahal, Jehangir Mahal, Ramraja Temple, Rai Praveen Mahal, and Laxminarayan Mandir.
  • After inclusion in the World Heritage City list, chemical treatment of historic spots like Mansingh Palace, Gujri Mahal and Sahastrabahu Temple will be done so that art inscribed on them will become more visible.


  • Gwalior was established in 9th century.
  • It was ruled by Gurjar Pratihar Rajvansh, Tomar, Baghel Kachvaho and Scindias.
  • The memorabilia left by them is found in abundance in memorials, forts and palaces in the area.
  • It is known for its palaces and temples, including the intricately carved Sas Bahu Ka Mandir temple.
  • The Gwalior Fort occupies a sandstone plateau overlooking the city and is accessed via a winding road lined with sacred Jain statues. 
  • Within the forts high walls is the 15th-century Gujari Mahal Palace, now an archaeological museum.

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