India ranks 131 in 2020 UN Human Development Index 

  • IASbaba
  • December 17, 2020
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India ranks 131 in 2020 UN Human Development Index 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Health; Education

In news

  • Human Development Index was released recently.
  • Released by: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
  • India dropped to 131st spot among 189 countries 
  • India’s HDI value for 2019 is 0.645 which put it in the medium human development category.
  • India had ranked 130 in 2018 in the index.

Key takeaways

  • Life expectancy of Indians at birth in 2019 was 69.7 years.
  • Bangladesh has a life expectancy of 72.6 years and Pakistan 67.3 years.
  • India, Bhutan (129), Bangladesh (133), Nepal (142), and Pakistan (154) were ranked among countries with medium human development.
  • Top countries: Norway (1), Ireland (2), Switzerland (3), Hong Kong (4) and Iceland (5)
  • According to the report, India’s gross national income per capita fell to $6,681 in 2019 from $6,829 in 2018 on purchasing power parity (PPP) basis.
  • Indigenous children in Cambodia, India and Thailand show more malnutrition-related issues such as stunting and wasting.

Do you know?

  • Human Development Index is the measure of a nation’s health, education, and standards of living
  • Purchasing power parity or PPP is a measurement of prices in different countries that uses the prices of specific goods to compare the absolute purchasing power of the countries’ currencies.

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