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Economic Survey 2020-21: Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY)

  • IASbaba
  • February 1, 2021
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Economic Survey 2020-21: Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS- II – Health

In news 

  • Key Finding of Economic Survey 2020-21 Reveals Strong Positive Impact of Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) on Health Outcomes.

Observations by the Survey:

  • The proportion of households with any usual member covered under health insurance or financing scheme increased by 54% from NFHS 4 to NFHS 5 in the states that adopted PMJAY.
  • It decreased by 10% in the states that did not adopt PMJAY.
  • The proportion reflects the success of PMJAY in enhancing health insurance coverage.
  • The reduction in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) was 20% compared to 12% in PMJAY and non-PMJAY states respectively. 
  • The proportion of people ensuring family planning rose across all the states between the two surveys.
  • The increase is much more significant in the states that adopted PM-JAY indicating its effectiveness.
  • The proportion of women with total unmet family planning needs decreased by 31% in the PMJAY states.
  • The decline in the non-PMJAY states was merely 10%.

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