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‘Population Versus Planet’ Conference held

  • IASbaba
  • February 23, 2021
  • 0
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‘Population Versus Planet’ Conference held

Part of: GS Prelims and GS – I – Society

In news

  • ‘Population versus Planet’ Conference was held recently.
  • It is a part of WION and Zee Media’s year-long campaign called ‘Mission Sustainability: Population Vs. Planet’.

Key takeaways 

  • World population has witnessed an increase from 1 billion in the year 1800 to 7.8 billion today.
  • India’s population has increased from 36 crore in 1951 to 121.02 crore in 2011. 
  • It has witnessed significant decline in both fertility and mortality rates. 
  • The birth rate has reduced from 40.8/1000 in 1951 to 20.0 in 2018. 
  • Total Fertility Rate (TFR) has declined from 6.0 in 1951 to 2.2 in 2015-16. 
  • Death rate in India has declined from 7 in 2012 to 6.2 in 2018.
  • According to Population projection for India and States 2011-2036, the TFR is expected to decline further. 
  • The youth population in the age group of 15-24 years is projected to decline from 233 million in 2011 to 227 million in 2036.
  • The proportion of the working age population is expected to increase from 61% in 2011 to 65% in 2036. 

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