Bamboosa Bambos likely to threaten Nilgiri biosphere
Part of: GS Prelims and GS – III – Environment; Biodiversity
- The flowering of bamboo inside the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS) may pose a threat to wildlife in the Nilgiri biosphere, a major tiger and elephant habitat.
- The bamboo groves in the Wayanad forest are the mainstay of herbivores in the Nilgiri biosphere during summer.
- With the onset of the summer, migration of wild animals starts from the adjacent sanctuaries in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu to Wayanad due to shortage of fodder and water.
- The flowering may adversely affect migration, especially by elephants, wild gaur, and other lower herbivores due to the mass destruction of bamboo groves after the flowering.
Important value additions
- It is a tall, bright-green coloured spiny bamboo species, which grows in thickets consisting of a large number of heavily branched, closely growing culms.
- Bamboosa bambos is a monocarpic (flowering only once) plant.
- Family: Poaceae family (grass family).
- Its flowering cycle varies from 40 to 60 years.
- It is also known as the giant thorny bamboo, Indian thorny bamboo, spiny bamboo, or thorny bamboo.
- It is a species of clumping bamboo native to southern Asia.
Do you know?
- The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is an animal sanctuary in Wayanad, Kerala, India.