Global Cybersecurity Index: ITU

  • IASbaba
  • July 2, 2021
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Global Cybersecurity Index: ITU

Part of: GS Prelims and GS -III – Cybersecurity 

In news

  • Recently, India has ranked tenth (10th) in Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI) 2020 by ITU (International Telecommunication Union) by moving up 37 places.
  • Top countries: USA (1st), UK and Saudi Arabia (2nd), Estonia (3rd)
  • Performance is based on five parameters of cybersecurity – Legal measures, technical measures, organisational measures, capacity development, and cooperation

About India’s performance

  • India scored a total of 97.5 points 
  • India secured the fourth position in the Asia Pacific region.
  • India is emerging as a global IT superpower
  • There has been substantial overall improvement and strengthening of the cybersecurity domain.

About International Telecommunication Union

  • It is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies – ICTs.
  • Founded in 1865 
  • Objective: To facilitate international connectivity in communications networks. 
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Functions:
    • It allocates global radio spectrum and satellite orbits
    • Develops the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect
    • Strives to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities worldwide.

Efforts to Improve Cyber Security in India

  • National Cyber Security Strategy 2020: It is being formulated to improve cyber awareness and cybersecurity through more stringent audits.
  • Draft Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018 (based on the recommendation of Justice BN Srikrishna Committee) to secure citizens’ data.
  • The scheme to set up I4C (Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre) was approved in October 2018, to deal with all types of cybercrimes in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.
  • National Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) functions as the nodal agency for coordination of all cyber security efforts, emergency responses, and crisis management.
  • Protection and resilience of critical information infrastructure with the set up of National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC).

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