India’s first Green Hydrogen Mobility Project
Part of: GS Prelims and GS -III – Environment; Conservation; Infrastructure
- Leh will be India’s first city to implement a green hydrogen based mobility project with zero emission. NTPC has planned to ply 5 hydrogen buses in the beginning
- NTPC’s first solar installations in Leh in form of solar trees and a solar carport were also inaugurated
What is Green Hydrogen?
The sources and processes by which hydrogen is derived, are categorised by colour tabs.
- Hydrogen produced from fossil fuels is called grey hydrogen; this constitutes the bulk of the hydrogen produced today.
- Hydrogen generated from fossil fuels with carbon capture and storage options is called blue hydrogen;
- Hydrogen generated entirely from renewable power sources is called green hydrogen. Electricity generated from renewable energy is used to split water into hydrogen and oxygen.
Green hydrogen has specific advantages
- Environment Friendly
- Potential to Decarbonise various sectors such as iron and steel, chemicals, and transportation (advantage over battery based energy)
- Renewable energy that cannot be stored or used by the grid can be channelled to produce hydrogen.
- Unlike Batteries, there is no dependence on Rare Minerals as the source material for green hydrogen is easily available
- Green energy helps reduce import dependency on fossil fuels
- Green hydrogen energy is vital for India to meet its Nationally Determined Contributions and ensure regional and national energy security, access and availability.
News Source: PIB