National Security Council (NSC)
Part of: GS Prelims and GS –III- Security
In news: Amid the Pegasus Controversy, it was reported that the Union Government’s expenditure on the National Security Council secretariat (NSCS) increased ten fold in 2017-18 to Rs 333 crores from Rs 33 cr. in 2016-17.
- NSC of India is a three-tiered organization that oversees political, economic, energy and security issues of strategic concern.
- It was formed in 1999, where all aspects of national security are deliberated upon.
- The National Security Advisor (NSA) presides over the NSC, and is also the primary advisor to the prime minister.
- NSC comprises the three tier structure-
- Strategic Policy Group (SPG)
- National Security Advisory Board (NSAB)
- National Security Council Secretariat.
- The SPG chaired by the Cabinet Secretary is the principal forum for inter-ministerial coordination and integration of the relevant inputs.
- The NSAB undertakes long-term analysis and provides perspectives on issues of national security.
- Functions: It operates within the executive office of the prime minister of India, liaising between the government’s executive branch and the intelligence services, advising leadership on intelligence and security issues.
- Members: The Ministers of Home Affairs, Defence, External Affairs and Finance