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Pyrostria laljii: New Species from Andaman

  • IASbaba
  • July 1, 2021
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Pyrostria laljii: New Species from Andaman

Part of: GS Prelims and GS III – Biodiversity

In news 

  • Recently, Pyrostria laljii, a new species which belongs to the genus of the coffee family has recently been discovered from the Andaman Islands.

About Pyrostria laljii

  • It is the first record of the genus Pyrostria in India. 
    • It is a 15-meter-tall tree.
    • This genus are usually found in Madagascar 
  • IUCN status given: Critically Endangered 
  • It can be distinguished by a long stem with a whitish coating on the trunk
  • Its umbellate inflorescence with eight to 12 flowers is also a distinct feature.
  • Place of discovery
    • South Andaman’s Wandoor forest. 
    • It could also be located in the Tirur forest near the Jarawa Reserve Forest and the Chidiya Tapu (Munda Pahar) forest in A&N Islands

About pokeweed 

  • Another new species of pokeweed named Rivina andamanensis was also discovered.
  • It was found growing under large trees, shaded and rocky areas, along with herbs and shrubby plants.
  • Pokeweed is a strong-smelling plant with a poisonous root. 
  • The berries contain a red dye used to colour wine, candies, cloth, and paper.

About Botanical Survey of India

  • It is the apex research organization under the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEFCC) 
  • It carries out taxonomic and floristic studies on wild plant resources of the country.
  • It was established in 1890 
  • It has nine regional circles 
  • Headquarter: Kolkata, West Bengal.

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