Global Youth Tobacco Survey

  • IASbaba
  • August 11, 2021
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Global Youth Tobacco Survey

Part of: GS Prelims and GS- II – Health

In news Recently, the Health Minister released the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS-4).

What are the key findings of the Survey?

  • More than 29% of students in India were exposed to second-hand smoke.
  • There has been a 42% decline in tobacco use among 13-15-year-old schoolchildren in the past decade. 
  • Use of any form of tobacco was higher among boys 
  • States with highest use among school children: Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram 
  • States with lowest use among school children: Himachal Pradesh and Karnataka. 
  • 38% of cigarettes, 47% of bidi smokers and 52% of smokeless tobacco users initiated the use before their 10th birthday.

Suggestions to curb smoking amongst school children

  • The role of teachers is most crucial in creating awareness among children and their parents regarding the harm of tobacco use.
  • Harmful effects of tobacco use should be incorporated in school curricula at various levels starting right from the primary school level.

What are the measures taken by the government to control smoking?

Measures Features
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC)
  • India ratified the WHO FCTC in 2004.
  • It was developed in response to the globalization of the tobacco epidemic.
  • It is an evidence-based treaty that reaffirms the right of all people to the highest standard of health.
Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA), 2003
  • Replaced the Cigarettes Act of 1975
  • Prohibits advertisement of, and to provide for the regulation of trade and commerce in, and production, supply and distribution of cigarettes and other tobacco products in India.
National Tobacco Control Programme (NTCP), 2008
  • Objective: To control tobacco consumption and minimize tobacco consumption related deaths
  • Activities: Training and capacity building; information, education, and communication (IEC) activities; tobacco control laws; reporting survey and surveillance and tobacco cessation
Cigarettes and other Tobacco Products (Packaging and Labelling) Amendment Rules, 2020
  • It was mandated that the specified health warning shall cover at least 85% of the principal display area of the package.
  • Of this, 60% shall cover pictorial health warning and 25% shall cover textual health warning.
  • This shall be positioned on the top edge of the package and in the same direction as the information on the principal display area.
mCessation Programme
  • It is an initiative using mobile technology for tobacco cessation.
  • It was launched as part of the Digital India initiative.
  • It uses two-way messaging between the individual seeking to quit tobacco use and programme specialists providing them dynamic support
Prevention and Control of Pollution Act of 1981
  • Recognized smoking as an air pollutant.
Cable Television Networks Amendment Act of 2000
  • Prohibited the transmission of advertisements on tobacco and liquor in India.

News Source: TH

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