India assumes UNSC Presidency
Part of: GS Prelims and GS – II – International Relations
In news India has assumed the Presidency of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
- Taking over the Presidency from France, this is India’s first Presidency during its 2021-22 tenure as a non-permanent member of Security COuncil.
- India’s two-year tenure as a non-permanent member began in January 2021.
- It will again take over as the President of the Council in December 2022.
What will be India’s agenda during its Presidency?
- During its Presidency, India will be organizing high-level signature events in three major areas:
- Maritime security
- Peacekeeping and
About United Nations Security Council
- The UNSC is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations
- It is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security.
- Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions.
- It is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
- The Security Council consists of fifteen members.
- Permanent members (P5): Russia, UK, France, China, and USA
- These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary-General.
- The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms.
- The body’s presidency rotates monthly among its 15 members.
News Source: TH