Sree Narayana Guru

  • IASbaba
  • August 24, 2021
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Sree Narayana Guru

Part of: GS Prelims 

In news: The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid tributes to Sree Narayana Guru on his Jayanti. 

About Sree Narayana Guru

  • Sree Narayana Guru was a catalyst and leader from Kerala who reformed the oppressive caste system that prevailed in society at the time whose philosophy always advocated social equality, education for all, and spiritual enlightenment. 
  • Born in the Ezhava caste, Narayan Guru had experienced discrimination from the upper caste of society. 
  • One of his famous sayings in Malayalam was ‘One caste, one religion, one god for all.’
  • Narayana Guru consecrated the first temple of Lord Shiva in 1888 where an idol was ordinated by a non-brahmin in Aruvippuram village of Kerala sparking off the anti-caste revolution against the upper-caste Brahmin communities.
  • Later, in 1903, he established the Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam (SNDP) organization as the founder and president that continues to mark its strong presence to this day. 
  • The famous ‘Vaikom Satyagraha’ protest movement against caste discrimination and untouchability abolished untouchability and inequality. Hence, this day is quite important in Kerala and is observed as a public holiday.
  • The Sivagiri pilgrimage was established in 1924 to promote the virtues of cleanliness, education, devotion, agriculture, handicrafts, and trade. 
  • His philosophy and teachings are a way of life for the people of Kerala. 
  • He passed away on September 20, 1928.

News Source: PIB

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