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128th anniversary of the historic Chicago address of Swami Vivekananda

  • IASbaba
  • September 15, 2021
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128th anniversary of the historic Chicago address of Swami Vivekananda

Part of: Prelims and GS I – Modern Indian history

Context On September 11, 1893, Swami Vivekananda delivered his famed speech at the ‘Parliament of the World’s Religions’, garnering a full two minute standing ovation and the moniker of ‘cyclonic monk of India’ .

  • This year marked the 128th anniversary of the historic Chicago Address of Swami Vivekananda.

What is the Significance of this event?

  • The Chicago address had dwelt at length on Hinduism and Indian culture, and his words continue to remain resonant till date.
  • He became popular in the western world after his famous speech at the World’s Parliament of Religions.
  • He was considered a major force in the revival of Hinduism in India and bringing it to the status of major world religion in the late 19th century.
  • His address in the World “Parliament of Religions” at Chicago in 1893 drew the world’s attention to the ancient Indian philosophy of Vedanta.

About Swami Vivekananda:

  • He was a true luminary, credited with enlightening the western world about Hinduism.
  • He was an ardent disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa and a major force in the revival of Hinduism in India.
  • He pushed for national integration in colonial India, and his famous speech remains as the one that he gave in Chicago in 1893 (Parliament of the World Religions).
  • In 1984 the Government of India declared that 12 January, the birthday of Swami Vivekananda, will be celebrated as National Youth Day.

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