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Thamirabarani Civilisation: Tamil Nadu

  • IASbaba
  • September 15, 2021
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Thamirabarani Civilisation: Tamil Nadu

Part of: Prelims and GS I – Ancient Indian History

Context The Thamirabarani civilisation in Tamil Nadu is at least 3,200 years old, reveals carbon dating done on organic material retrieved from archeological excavations in Sivakalai, Thoothukudi district.

  • Carbon Dating: The determination of the age or date of organic matter from the relative proportions of the carbon isotopes carbon-12 and carbon-14 that it contains.

About Thamirabarani River

  • The shortest river in the state (Tamil Nadu), the Thamirabarani starts in Pothigai hills of the Western Ghats in the Ambasamudram taluk, flows through Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts and empties at Korkai (Tirunelveli district) into the Gulf of Mannar (Bay of Bengal).

Significance/Consequence of the Findings:

  • It could lead to evidence that there was a city civilisation (Porunai River (Thamirabarani) civilization) in south India as long back as 3,200 years ago, the later part of the Indus Valley Civilisation.
  • Also, archaeological excavations would be carried out in other States and countries in search of Tamil roots. 
    • In the first phase, studies would be undertaken at the ancient port of Muziris (Pattanam) in Kerala, to establish the ancientness and culture of the Chera empire.
    • Research would be conducted at Quseir al-Qadim and Pernica Anekke in Egypt, which were once part of the Roman empire, as well as in Khor Rori in Oman, to establish the Tamils’ trade relations with these countries.
    • Potsherds bearing Tamil scripts have been found in these countries.
  • Studies would also be conducted in Southeast Asian countries, such as Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam, where King Rajendra Chola had established supremacy.

Do you know?

  • The three ruling houses of Tamil India, the Pandyas, Cheras, and Cholas, fought for supremacy of southern India and Sri Lanka. 
  • These dynasties promoted early literature on the Indian subcontinent and built important Hindu temples.
  • Sangam literature, which was written over a period of six centuries (3rd BCE – 3rd CE) contains references to various Chola, Chera and Pandya kings.

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