13th BRICS summit

  • IASbaba
  • September 10, 2021
  • 0
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13th BRICS summit

Part of: Prelims and GS – II – International Relations 

Context The 13th BRICS summit was held virtually.

  • The virtual summit was chaired by a Indian Prime Minister and was dominated by the developments in Afghanistan

Key highlights of the summit

  • The summit adopted the BRICS Counter Terrorism Action Plan.
  • The document, titled the New Delhi Declaration was unveiled which called for addressing the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan, and urged the need to uphold rights of women, children and minorities.
    • It called for an “inclusive intra-Afghan dialogue” to ensure stability, civil peace, law and order in the country.
  • The agreement on Remote Sensing Satellite Constellation was signed between BRICS countries’ space agencies.

What is BRICS?

  • BRICS is an acronym for the grouping of the world’s leading emerging economies, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
  • Headquarters: Shanghai, China
  • The BRICS Leaders’ Summit is convened annually.
  • The Chairmanship of the forum is rotated annually among the members, in accordance with the acronym B-R-I-C-S.
  • Together, BRICS accounts for about 40% of the world’s population and about 30% of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product), making it a critical economic engine.
  • Objectives:
    • To deepen, broaden and intensify cooperation for more sustainable, equitable and mutually beneficial development.
    • To ensure relations are built on the respective country’s economic strengths and to avoid competition where possible.
  • Components of financial architecture of the BRICS:
    • New Development Bank: NDB’s key areas of operation are clean energy, transport infrastructure, irrigation, sustainable urban development and economic cooperation among the member countries.
    • Contingent Reserve Arrangement: It aims to provide short-term liquidity support to the members through currency swaps to help mitigate the BOP crisis situation and further strengthen financial stability.

News source: TH 

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