BASIC group of countries

  • IASbaba
  • November 2, 2021
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BASIC group of countries

Part of: Prelims and GS-III – Defence and security 

Context On the opening day of the COP26, Indian Environment Minister delivered a statement on behalf of the BASIC group of countries — Brazil, South Africa, India and China.

  • These major developing economies are significant polluters but bear diminished responsibility for the carbon dioxide.
  • They also have low per capita emissions because of their significant populations.

Demands of the BASIC countries

  • Conclude Paris Agreement Rulebook at COP26.
    • The Rulebook will set the Paris Agreement in motion by laying out the tools and processes to ensure it is implemented fairly and properly.
  • CBDR-RC: Full effect must be given to implementation of the principles of Equity and Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC). 
  • Accord time and policy space: Developing countries must be accorded time, policy space and support to transition towards a low emissions future.


  • The BASIC group was formed as the result of an agreement signed by the four countries on November 28, 2009.
  • Countries – Brazil, South Africa, India and China.

Significance of the grouping:

  • These nations have common positions on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and raising the massive funds that are needed to fight climate change.
  • The grouping is significant because Brazil, South Africa, India and China together have one-third of the world’s geographical area and nearly 40% of the world’s population, and when they unitedly speak in one voice this shows their determination.

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