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Ganges river dolphin

  • IASbaba
  • November 2, 2021
  • 0
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Ganges river dolphin

Part of: Prelims and GS III – Conservation

Context The Jal Shakti Ministry has released a guide for the safe rescue and release of stranded Ganges river dolphins. 

Key takeaways 

  • The document has been prepared by the Turtle Survival Alliance and the Environment, Forest and Climate Change Department (EFCCD) of the Uttar Pradesh Government.
  • The guide has been drawn from years of experience of rescuing 25 Ganges river dolphins stranded in irrigation canals.
  • Best practices on crowd control, dolphin capture from canals and handling, transfer, transport and release are part of the guide.

About Ganges Dolphins

  • The Ganges river dolphin is the national aquatic animal of India
  • It is Found throughout the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems of Nepal, India and Bangladesh.
  • It (Platanista gangetica gangetica) is a global priority and is also an indicator of healthy aquatic systems
  • Ghaghra river is a prime habitat where most of the rescued dolphins were released in the past few years.
  • IUCN status: Endangered 
  • Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act (1972): Schedule I 
  • CITES: Appendix I 

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