Kaiser-i-Hind: Arunachal’s State butterfly
Part of: Prelims and GS-III – Biodiversity; Environment
Context A swallowtail butterfly carrying ‘India’ in its name will become the State butterfly of Arunachal Pradesh.
- The butterfly is also known as Kaiser-i-Hind.
Pakke Tiger Reserve 2047 declaration
- The State Cabinet also adopted the Pakke Tiger Reserve 2047 declaration on climate change-resilient and responsive Arunachal Pradesh aimed at lowering emissions and sustainable development.
- Kaiser-i-Hind ( Teinopalpus imperialis ) literally means Emperor of India.
- This butterfly with a 90-120 mm wingspan is found in six States along the eastern Himalayas at elevations from 6,000-10,000 feet in well-wooded terrain.
- Countries: The butterfly also flutters in Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and southern China.
- Protection: It is protected under Schedule II of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
- Threats: It is hunted for supply to butterfly collectors.
- The species is confined to very few pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and could become extinct if not conserved
- Implication of the tag: The State butterfly tag can translate into its habitat conservation
About Pakke Tiger Reserve
- It is also known as Pakhui Tiger Reserve.
- It is located in Arunachal Pradesh
- Falls within the Eastern Himalaya Biodiversity Hotspot.
- Known for its amazing sightings of four resident hornbill species.
- This Tiger Reserve has won India Biodiversity Award 2016 in the category of ‘Conservation of threatened species’ for its Hornbill Nest Adoption Programme.
- It is bounded by Bhareli or Kameng River in the west and north, and by Pakke River in the east. It is surrounded by contiguous forests on most sides.