Lithium deposits

  • IASbaba
  • November 28, 2021
  • 0
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Lithium deposits

Part of: Prelims and GS-II – International relations and GS-III – Mineral exploration

Context Chinese companies have begun “on-site inspections” of possible projects to tap lithium deposits in Afghanistan.

  • Afghanistan also has significant reserves of copper, gold, gemstones, beryllium, iron ore, marble, oil & gas, and rare earth elements.
  • Recent estimates suggest the worth of untapped minerals could be as high as $3 trillion.

About Lithium

  • A 2010 US study revealed that Afghanistan could have among the world’s largest deposits of lithium.
  • Lithium is considered key to global agenda of switching to electric vehicles
  • Uses: Rechargeable batteries 
    • ceramics and glass
    • Lubricating greases 
    • Polymer production 
  • Lithium consumption for batteries has increased significantly in recent years
  • The world has an identified lithium reserves of 80 million tonnes.
  • Countries with Highest deposits: Bolivia, Argentina, Chile and USA.

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