Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Part of: Mains GS-I: India’s freedom struggle and its fighters
- An Indian scholar and the senior Muslim leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement.
- Following India’s independence, he became the first Minister of Education in the Indian government.
- His contribution to establishing the education foundation in India is recognised by celebrating his birthday as “National Education Day” across India.
- Leader of the Khilafat Movement; at an age of 35, he became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress.
- He is also credited with the establishment of the Indian Institutes of Technology and the foundation of the University Grants Commission, an important institution to supervise and advance higher education throughout the country.
- He also worked for Hindu-Muslim unity through the Al-Hilal newspaper
- He started the Indian National Union (1926) and the All India Nationalist Muslim Party (1929)
- Autobiographies like ‘Tazhiran’, ‘Ghubir-i-khatir’, ‘Kahani’ and ‘India wins Freedom’ belongs to him