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Urban factors, the actual cause of pollution

  • IASbaba
  • November 16, 2021
  • 0
UPSC Articles
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Urban factors, the actual cause of pollution

Part of: Prelims and GS-III – Environment 

Context In recent affidavits filed by the Centre and the Delhi Government to the Supreme Court, it has been highlighted that farm fires/stubble burning in Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh contributed to only 10% of the pollution.

Key takeaways 

  • Urban factors as major cause: Urban factors such as construction activities, industry, vehicular exhaust and road dust were actually the major causes of pollution in Delhi and not farmers’ stubble burning.
  • In the previous hearing, the court had questioned the narrow focus of the Centre and the Delhi Government on farmers.
  • Firm commitment needed: The SC, while insisting that stubble burning was not the major cause, urged the Centre, Delhi and the States towards a firm commitment to act against pollution.
  • Too few mechanised road sweepers: SC was shocked to realise that Delhi had only 69 mechanised road sweepers to cover all the streets of the Capital.
  • Urgent meeting: The court directed the Centre to call an urgent meeting in 24 hours with Punjab, Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to craft urgent and effective anti-pollution measures and their implementation.
  • The court also asked the Centre, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to introduce work from home for now.

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