National Centres for Disease Control (NCDC)

  • IASbaba
  • January 2, 2022
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National Centres for Disease Control (NCDC)

Part of: Prelims and GS-II Health

Context The Delhi-based National Centres for Disease Control (NCDC), a Union Health Ministry laboratory and a key lab in India’s genome sequencing network, has asked States to pause sending COVID-19 positive samples to it.

About The National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC)

  • It was formerly the National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD).
  • NICD was transformed into the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) with a larger mandate of controlling emerging and re-emerging diseases in 2009.
  • It is a national level institute for training specialized manpower for public health, laboratory sciences and entomological services and is involved in various applied research activities.
  • Major Functions
    • Undertakes investigations of disease outbreaks all over the country.
    • Provides referral diagnostic services to individuals, community, medical colleges, research institutions and state health directorates.
    • Engaged in generation and dissemination of knowledge in various areas like Epidemiology, Surveillance, and Laboratories etc.
    • Applied integrated research in various aspects of communicable as well as some aspects of non-communicable diseases has been one of the prime functions of the Institute.
  • The Institute is under administrative control of the Director General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • The Institute has its headquarters in Delhi.

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