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Bihar ranks third in new HIV infections

  • IASbaba
  • April 18, 2022
  • 0
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Bihar ranks third in new HIV infections

Part of: GS-II: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Context: Bihar ranks third in the country, after Maharashtra and UP, in new HIV infections every year, despite a 27% reduction in new infection rate from 2010. 

  • With 1.34 lakh infected, Bihar accounted for nearly 5.77% of India’s 23.19 lakh people living with HIV/AIDS.
  • With 0.17% PLHIV prevalence rate (the number of people testing positive for HIV/AIDS out of a population of 100), the state, however, fared better than the national average of 0.22%, as it strode towards the national goal to eliminate the public threat of the disease by 2030.

About HIV

  • AIDS is a pandemic disease caused by the infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which damages the human immune system.
  • It is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition.
  • By damaging immune system, HIV interferes with the body’s ability to fight infection and disease.
  • The virus can be transmitted through contact with infected blood, semen or vaginal fluids.
  • AIDS symptoms include weight loss, fever or night sweats, fatigue and recurrent infections.
  • No cure exists for AIDS.
  • Strict adherence to antiretroviral regimens (ARVs) can slow the disease’s progress and prevent secondary infections and complications.

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