Context: Recently, India is planning to build its first waste-to-hydrogen project in Pune, which will turn waste into fuel.
About Waste to Hydrogen plant:
- Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) and The Green Billions (TGBL) will use waste and convert it into useable green hydrogen.
- Waste will comprise biodegradable, non-biodegradable and domestic hazardous waste.
- Waste would be segregated in one place using optical sensor technology.
- Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF) from waste would be utilised to generate hydrogen using plasma gasification technology.
- RDF is a fuel produced from various types of waste such as municipal solid waste (MSW), industrial waste or commercial waste.
- Plasma arc gasification is a waste-treatment technology that uses electricity and high temperatures to turn municipal waste into usable by-products without combustion.
- Waste-to-Energy plants are viable only when the plant can process at least 300 TPD (tons per day).