Muhammad Iqbal

  • IASbaba
  • December 29, 2022
  • 0
History and Art and Culture
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Context: Recently complaint has filed by Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) against principal of government school and shiksha mitra for hurting religious sentiments by recitation of the prayer ‘Lab Pe Aati Hai Dua’ written by Muhammad Iqbal.

About Muhammad Iqbal:

  • He was born to a family with Kashmiri Pandit ancestry that had embraced Islam in the 17th century.
  • He was born in Sialkot, Punjab (now in Pakistan).
  • He was commonly referred to as Allama (title given to Islamic scholars).
  • As a lawyer he appeared at the Lahore High Court in several cases.
  • He was knighted by King George V who gave him the title of “Sir” in 1922.
  • He died in Lahore at the age of 60 years.
  • His tomb is located in Hazuri Bagh in Lahore.

Political career and Ideology:

  • In his later life, he came across the idea of a separate nation for Muslims.
  • He was influenced by Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s vision of a separate nation of Pakistan.
  • He was regarded as the ideological founder of the nation in Pakistan.

Prominent works:

  • He wrote the Urdu ghazal ‘Sare Jahan se Achccha Hindostan Hamara’.
  • His first book, Asrár-I Khudí (The Secrets of the Self), was published in 1915
  • It was followed by Ramuz-e-Bekhudi (The Mysteries of Selflessness) in 1918
    • These are regarded as the base for his poetic philosophy.

Source: Indian Express

Previous Year Question

Q.1) With reference to Madanapalle of Andhra Pradesh, which one of the following statements is correct? (2022)

  1. Pingali Venkayya designed the tricolour Indian National Flag here.
  2. Pattabhi Sitaramaiah led the Quit India Movement of Andhra region from here.
  3. Rabindranath Tagore translated the National Anthem from Bengali to English here.
  4. Madame Blavatsky and Colonel Olcott set up headquarters of Theosophical Society first here.

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