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Amrabad Tiger Reserve

  • IASbaba
  • January 24, 2023
  • 0
Environment & Ecology
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Context: With the launch of newer attractions and ecotourism activities, the Amrabad Tiger Reserve in Nallamala forest, Telangana is ready to attract more tourists.

About Amrabad Tiger Reserve:

  • The Amrabad Tiger Reserve which is part of the Nallamala Forest track has rich Biological Diversity with several endemic species of flora and fauna.
  • This forest tract is home to the largest number of Tigers in Telangana State.
  • The hilly terrain of this Tiger Reserve with deep valleys and gorges forms the catchment of the Krishna River.
  • This Tiger Reserve (ATR) is one of the largest tiger reserves in India that extends about 2611.4 Sq Km over Nagarkurnool and Nalgonda districts of Telangana State
  • Amrabad Tiger Reserve a well-known and well-preserved nature reserve in Nallamala Hills, part of the Eastern Ghats chain.
  • This is the second-largest Tiger Reserve in terms of core area but the sixth-largest tiger reserve in terms of total area among 51 Tiger Reserves in India.
  • The reserve was notified as a sanctuary in the year 1983 and after the bifurcation of Telugu States in 2014, it was declared as Amarabad Tiger Reserve.
  • It lies in the three forest divisions of Amarabad, Achampet in Nagarkurnool district, and Nagarjunsagar division in Nalgonda district.
  • Major reservoirs like the Srisailam Dam and Nagarjunsagar Dam are fed by the river Krishna and its several perennial streams that originate in the Tiger Reserve.
  • It has a large presence of the Chenchu tribe.
    • The Chenchus are Scheduled Tribe in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, and Odisha.
    • Many Chenchus live in the dense Nallamala forest of Andhra Pradesh.
    • The Chenchus speak the Chenchu language, a member of the Dravidian language family.
    • Chenchu’s relationship with non-tribal people has been largely symbiotic.

Source:The Hindu

Previous Year Questions

Q.1) Among the following Tiger Reserves, which one has the largest area under “Critical Tiger Habitat”? (2020)

  1. Corbett
  2. Ranthambore
  3. Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam
  4. Sunderbans

Q.2) Which of the following are in Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve? (2019)

  1. Neyyar, Peppara and Shendurney Wildlife sanctuaries; and Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
  2. Mudumalai, Sathyamangalam and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Silent Valley National Park
  3. Kaundinya, Gundla Brahmeswaram and Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Mukurthi National Park
  4. Kawal and Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve

 

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