Context: The 21st Edition of the Bilateral Naval Exercise between India and France – Exercise Varuna commenced recently.
About Exercise Varuna:
- The Indian and French Navies have been conducting bilateral maritime exercises since 1993. Since 2001, these exercises have been called ‘VARUNA’.
- These interactions further underscore the shared values as partner navies, in ensuring freedom of seas and commitment to an open, inclusive Indo-Pacific and a rules-based international order.
- The joint-exercises are held either in the Indian Ocean or Mediterranean Sea with the aim of improving Indo-French coordination on capabilities like:
- cross-deck operations,
- anti-submarine warfare and
- information sharing.
- Other Indo-French Joint Exercises:
- Desert Knight-21 and Garuda (Air exercise)
- Shakti (Army exercise)