• IASbaba
  • February 15, 2023
  • 0
Governance, Indian Polity & Constitution
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Context: While addressing a summit in UP, PM recalled the tag of ‘BIMARU’, once used to describe the state.

What do BIMARU states mean, who coined the term?

  • BIMARU refers to a group of states in India, namely Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.
  • The term was coined by the late demographer Ashish Bose in 1985 to highlight India’s demographic malady.
  • Grouping was primarily based on their high population growth rates and a lack of progress in family planning and population control efforts.
  • The term BIMARU means “sickly” in Hindi.
    • Was used to refer to the slow rate of growth in terms of the economy, healthcare, education and other socio-economic characteristics.
  • A 2020 report of the National Commission on Population of the Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, titled Report of the Technical Group on Population Projection, said BIMARU states will contribute to 49.1% of the population increase in India between 2011 and 2036.
  • The literacy rates in these states according to the 2011 census against a National average of 74.04%., are:
    • Bihar 63.8%,
    • Rajasthan 67.1%,
    • Jharkhand 67.6%,
    • Madhya Pradesh 70.6% and
    • Uttar Pradesh 71.7%

Source – Indian Express


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