Current Affairs, TLP-UPSC Mains Answer Writing
The cooperative sector has played a significant role in India’s economic development, particularly in agriculture and rural sectors. What is the potential of cooperatives in promoting inclusive growth and social welfare? What are the challenges in creating a sustainable and transparent cooperative system? Analyse.
सहकारी क्षेत्र ने भारत के आर्थिक विकास में विशेष रूप से कृषि और ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाई है। समावेशी विकास और सामाजिक कल्याण को बढ़ावा देने में सहकारी समितियों की क्या क्षमता है? एक स्थायी और पारदर्शी सहकारी प्रणाली बनाने में क्या चुनौतियाँ हैं? विश्लेषण करें।
Candidates can start the answer with basic idea of NDRF and simply highlight its role in managing crisis such as Earthquake, Floods, Landslide etc. try to give the examples and then highlight the mandate and how coordination with different agencies work.
According to ILO, a cooperative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise.
- Cooperatives are autonomous organizations formed by individuals who voluntarily come together to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations.
- Cooperatives operate on the principle of democratic control and are owned and managed by their members, who share the benefits and risks of their activities.
The potential of cooperatives in promoting inclusive growth and social welfare is significant and can be seen in the following ways:
- Employment Generation: Cooperatives can create employment opportunities in areas where traditional employment opportunities are limited. Cooperatives provide jobs for their members and their families, and often employ people from disadvantaged communities, women, and youth.
- Poverty Reduction: Cooperatives can contribute to poverty reduction by providing members with access to credit, training, and other resources that enable them to start or expand their own businesses. Cooperatives can also provide affordable goods and services to their members, such as healthcare, housing, and education.
- Social Welfare: Cooperatives promote social welfare by providing members with a sense of community and belonging. Members work together to achieve common goals and share the benefits of their collective efforts. Cooperatives also promote social responsibility by supporting community development projects and by practicing ethical and sustainable business practices.
- Financial Inclusion: Cooperatives can provide financial services to people who are excluded from the formal banking system. Cooperatives offer a range of financial services, including savings, loans, and insurance, that enable members to meet their financial needs and build assets over time.
- Empowerment: Cooperatives empower members by giving them a voice in decision-making and by promoting democratic control. Members have equal voting rights and participate in the management of the cooperative, which enhances their leadership skills and promotes civic engagement.
- Creating a sustainable and transparent cooperative system in India faces several challenges, including:
Weak regulatory framework: The regulatory framework for cooperatives in India is weak and outdated. This makes it difficult to monitor and enforce compliance with regulations, and leaves room for fraud and mismanagement.
- Lack of transparency: Many cooperatives in India suffer from a lack of transparency in their operations and management. This makes it difficult for members to hold their leaders accountable and can lead to corruption and abuse of power.
- Limited access to capital: Cooperatives often struggle to raise capital due to limited access to financial institutions and a lack of collateral. This makes it difficult for them to invest in new projects and expand their operations.
- Political interference: Many cooperatives in India are influenced by political parties, which can undermine their autonomy and lead to corruption.
- Inadequate training and education: Many members and leaders of cooperatives lack the necessary training and education to manage their organizations effectively. This can lead to mismanagement and a lack of accountability.
Addressing these challenges will require significant reforms in the legal and regulatory framework for cooperatives, as well as efforts to improve transparency and accountability. Additionally, providing better access to capital and training and education for cooperative members and leaders can help to promote their success and sustainability.
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