Governance, Indian Polity & Constitution
Context – President Droupadi Murmu appoints 6 new governors, reshuffles 7 others.
About Constitutional Provisions Related to the Governor:
- Article 153 says that there shall be a Governor for each State.
- One person can be appointed as Governor for two or more States.
- A Governor is appointed by the President and is a nominee of the Central Government.
- The Governor normally enjoys 5-year tenure, he can remain in office only until the pleasure of the President. ( No security of tenure)
- Governor has a dual role.
- Constitutional head of the state
- Functions as a vital link between the Union Government and the State Government.
- Salary and Allowances: are charged from Consolidated Fund of India.
Functions of Governor:
- There is a CoM (council of ministers) with the CM at the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions, except some conditions for discretion. (Article 163)
- Power to grant pardons, reprieves, etc. (Article 161).
- Governor assents, withholds assent, or reserves the bill for the consideration of the President passed by the Legislative Assembly (Article 200).
- Governors may promulgate the Ordinances under certain circumstances (Article 213).
- In the Constitution, there are no guidelines for exercise of the Governor’s powers, including for appointing a CM or dissolving the Assembly.
- There is no limit set for how long a Governor can withhold assent to a Bill.
- The Governor sends a report to the centre which forms the basis of the Union cabinet’s recommendations to the President for invoking Article 356 (President’s Rule).
Source: Indian Express
Previous Year Questions
Q.1) Which one of the following suggested that the Governor should be an eminent person from outside the State and should be a detached figure without intense political links or should not have taken part in politics in the recent past? (2019)
- First Administrative Reforms Commission (1966)
- Rajamannar Committee (1969)
- Sarkaria Commission (1983)
- National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution (2000)
Q.2) Consider the following statements:
- No criminal proceedings shall be instituted against the Governor of a State in any court during his term of office.
- The emoluments and allowances of the Governor of a State shall not be diminished during his term of office.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (2018)
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 nor 2
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