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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2016 ENVIRONMENT & CURRENT AFFAIRS [DAY 24]

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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan’ – Prelims Test 2016 [Day 24]

 


Q.1) Which of the following are the features of newly notified E-Waste Management Rules, 2016 by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change?

  1. These rules for the first time will bring the producers under Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR).
  2. For the first time, Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) and other mercury containing lamp brought under the purview of rules.
  3. Provision for Pan India EPR Authorization by CPCB has been introduced replacing the state wise EPR authorization.
  4. Micro and Small industry sector as defined in Micro Small and Medium Developmental Act, 2006 are completely exempted with EPR Responsibility.

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 1 and 4 only

b) 1, 3 and 4 only

c) 1, 2 and 3 only

d) All of the above


Q.2) Select the incorrect pair from the below given important environment related days and its 2016 theme:

a) World Oceans Day (8th June every year) : : “Healthy oceans, healthy planet”

b) World Environment Day (5th June every year) : : “Go Wild for Life — Zero tolerance for the illegal trade in wildlife”

c) Earth Day (22nd April every year) : : “Wetlands for our Future – Sustainable Livelihoods”

d) None of the above 


Q.3) Recently, the Union Government has launched the Centre for Environmental Health in New Delhi. Consider the following statements in regard to it:

  1. The centre will assess the impact of environment-related problems like climate change, air pollution, pesticide use and sanitation on health.
  2. It is a joint initiative of the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) and Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI).
  3. The initiative was launched by Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 2 and 3 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


Q.4) Which among the following statements are correct in regard to recently adopted historic

Paris Climate Agreement at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC?

  1. The agreement facilitates enforcement of global GHGs reduction measures, adaptation and finance in the post-2020 i.e. in post Kyoto Protocol scenario.
  2. All member countries agreed to work to limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius, and to strive for 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  3. All member countries agreed to take into account the principle of equity (climate justice) and common but differentiated responsibilities (CBDR) and respective capabilities.
  4. Developed countries will provide 100 billion dollars annually to the developing counterparts beginning in 2020 and it would increase with time.

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 1 and 4 only

b) 1, 3 and 4 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


Q.5) If a private company wants to set up an industrial or infrastructure projects in a forest land, then:

  1. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 (FCA) governs diversion or use of forest land for non-forest purposes such as industrial or infrastructure projects.
  2. A company diverting forest land must provide alternative land for taking up compensatory afforestation.
  3. For the afforestation purpose, the company should pay for planting new trees in the alternative land provided to the state.
  4. The loss of forest ecosystem must also be compensated by paying for net present value of forest (NPV).

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

a) None of the above

b) 1 and 4 only

c) 4 only

d) 1 only


Q.6) Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change recently released a new Four-color Classification Scheme for industries based on their pollution potential. Select the correctly matched new categorization system:

  1. Red category: Pollution Index (PI) score of 60 and above.
  2. Orange category: PI score of 41 to 59.
  3. Yellow category: PI score of 21 to 40.
  4. Green category: PI score below and upto 20.

Choose the appropriate code

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1, 3 and 4 only

c) 1 and 4 only

d) 1, 2 and 4 only


Q.7) Recently, the Union cabinet gave its formal approval for adopting the Statute of the South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN). Select the incorrect statement from the following in regard to SAWEN:

a) SAWEN is regional inter-governmental wildlife law enforcement support body launched in January, 2011 in Paro, Bhutan.

b) SAWEN aims to strengthen, promote and co-ordinate regional co-operation for curbing illegal wildlife trade that threatens the wild flora and fauna of South Asia.

c) Except Pakistan, all other South Asian countries will be the part of SAWEN.

d) None of the above


Q.8) Consider the following statements regarding Agenda 21

  1. It is a non-binding and voluntary implementation plan of United Nations with regard to sustainable development
  2. United Nation Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), a legally binding international agreement stemmed from Agenda 21
  3. Agenda 21 also mentions about protection of atmosphere

Select the appropriate code

a) 1 and 2 Only

b) 2 and 3 Only

c) 1 and 3 Only

d) 1, 2 and 3


Q.9) Consider the following International Conventions

  1. Aarhus Convention
  2. Geneva Convention
  3. Stockholm Convention
  4. Rotterdam Convention
  5. Basel Convention
  6. Bonn Convention

Which of the above are related to Hazardous Substances?

a) 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6

b) 2, 3, 4 and 5

c) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5


Q.10) Amur falcons has one of the longest and most fascinating migratory paths in the avian kingdom. Consider the following statements regarding Amur falcons:

  1. It is one of the largest raptor species.
  2. It migrates from Mongolia to South Africa via India.
  3. It is amongst the critically endangered species and very few left in wild.
  4. It considered a delicacy in Nagaland and widely hunted during their short stay in India.

Select the correct statements from above:

a) 1 and 3

b) 2 and 4

c) 3 only

d) All of the above


Q.11) Endosulfan has been used as a pesticide in agriculture for a long time. India has agreed to phase out completely the use and manufacture of endosulfan by 2017. Which of the following statements are correct about endosulfan?

  1. It is not pest specific and it can negatively impact the populations of beneficial insects.
  2. Endosulfan is acutely neurotoxic to both insects and mammals.
  3. Endosulfan has high potential to bio-accumulate and bio-magnify.
  4. Endosulfan is banned across the world under Stockholm convention.
  5. Endosulfan is the cause of death of Indian vultures.

Select the code from the following:

a) 1, 2 and 3

b) 1, 3 and 4

c) 2, 3, 4 and 5

d) All of the above


Q.12) Government of India has being trying to protect the critically endangered Great Indian Bustard. Which of the following statement are correct about Great Indian Bustard?

  1. To protect the bird and create awareness, this has been made the state bird of Haryana.
  2. It is a flight less bird.
  3. It is found in arid and semi-arid grassland.

Select the code from the following:

a) All of the above

b) 1 and 2

c) 2 and 3

d) 3 only 


Q.13) Which of the following gas emissions are checked when pollution check of vehicles are done in India?

  1. Carbon mono Oxide
  2. Hydrocarbons
  3. Carbon di-oxide
  4. Sulphur Oxides

Select the correct code from the following:

a) 1 and 2

b) 3 and 4

c) 1,2 and 4

d) All of the above


Q.14) India is amongst the first and foremost countries to have a forest policy. Although the first policy of 1894 was designed on how to exploit the forest resources, constant revisions were made in the policy after independence of India. The current policy was made in 1988, known as The National Forest Policy 1988. Which of the following statements are incorrect about this policy?

  1. Maintenance of environmental stability through the preservation and restoration of ecological balance.
  2. Conservation of forests as a national heritage with vast varieties of flora and fauna.
  3. Control of soil erosion and denudation in catchment areas of rivers, lakes and reservoirs.
  4. Check on the extension of sand-dunes in desert areas.
  5. To meet the needs of fuel-wood, fodder and minor forest products for the rural and tribal people.
  6. Encouragement of efficient utilization of forest produce and optimum substitution of wood.

Select the code from the following:

a) 1,2 and 3

b) 4,5 and 6

c) 5 and 6

d) None of the above


Q.15) Since the solid waste generation is rising in urban areas of India, many waste to energy plants are being started. They serve the dual purpose of waste disposal as well as generation of electricity. Which of the following statements are correct about waste to energy generation?

  1. The cost of waste to energy is somewhat higher than other renewable sources.
  2. The chimneys of incinerators include acid gases, nitrogen oxide, heavy metals, particulates, and dioxin, which are carcinogenic.
  3. The efficiency of waste to energy plants is very low.

Select the correct code from the following:

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above


Q.16) Consider the following statements regarding Minamata Convention:

  1. It is an international treaty designed to protect human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury.
  2. It is named after Japanese city Minamata which went through devastating incident of mercury poisoning.
  3. India has ratified the Minamata convention.
  4. The developed countries have promised to help financially, technically, and technologically to developing countries.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1, 2 and 3

b) 2, 3 and 4

c) 1, 2 and 4

d) All of the above


Q.17) Consider the following:

International Conventions                                                                     Location

  1. Nuclear Safety                                                                                                  Vienna
  2. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea                                  Montego Bay
  3. Persistent Organic Pollutants                                                                       Stockholm
  4. Control of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal                                     Basel

 

Which of the above are correctly matched?

a) 1,2 and 3

b) 2,3 and 4

c) 1,3 and 4

d) All of the above


Q.18) Consider the following statements:

  1. Mixing fly ash in soil can help farmers increase production of crops and vegetables
  2. Fly ash can be mixed with cement thus reducing the cost of construction.
  3. Fly ash can cover the surface of plant leaves and thus helps in increasing nutrient capacity.
  4. Fly ash bricks are light weight and offer high strength and durability.
  5. Use of fly-ash instead of lime in agriculture can reduce net CO2 emission and also reduce global warming.

Which of the above statements are correct w.r.t Fly Ash?

a) 1, 2 , 3 and 4

b) 2, 3, 4 and 5

c) 1, 2, 4 and 5

d) All of the above


Q.19) Which of the following is not concerned with the Wildlife Protection Act?

  1. National Parks
  2. Wildlife Sanctuaries
  3. Conservation Reserves
  4. Biosphere Reserves
  5. Community Reserves
  6. Tiger Reserves

Select the correct code

a) 3,4 and 5

b) Only 4

c) 4 and 5

d) None of the above


Q.20) Consider the following statements with respect to ‘India Biodiversity Award’

  1. It is a joint initiative by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, National Biodiversity Authority and United Nations Environment Programme
  2. The categories for the award are aligned with Biological Diversity Act, 2002
  3. Satpura Tiger Reserve won the India Biodiversity Award this year

Which of the following statements is/are incorrect?

a) Only 1

b) Only 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above 


Q.21) Recently Himachal Pradesh fisheries department has started an artificial propagation programme for rehabilitation and conservation of Golden Mahseer fish. Consider the following statements with respect to Golden Mahseer Fish.

  1. It is the longest-living freshwater fish
  2. It is native to mountain and sub-mountain regions
  3. It inhabit only rivers
  4. It is an omnivore

Select the correct code

a) 1,2 and 3

b) 1,2 and 4

c) 1 and 2

d) All of the above


Q.22) Consider the following

  1. Argentina
  2. Brazil
  3. Uruguay
  4. Paraguay

Which of the above countries does not belong to MERCOSUR Trade Bloc?

a) All belong to MERCOSUR

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 3 and 4 only


Q.23) Consider the following statements with respect to Free Trade agreement

  1. Goods
  2. Services
  3. IPR
  4. Investment

Which of the above is included in FTA (Free trade agreement) between two countries?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 4 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All


Q.24) Consider the following

  1. Norway
  2. Switzerland
  3. Sweden
  4. Iceland

Which of the above countries is a member of The European Free Trade association?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1,2 and 4 only

c) 2 and 4 only

d) 2 and 3 only


Q.25) Consider the following research institutes

  1. National institute of Ocean technology is located in the state of Goa
  2. National institute of Oceanography is located in Chennai

Select the correct statement with respect to location and research institute is concerned

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both

d) None


Q.26) Consider the following statements with respect to SAFTA

  1. SAFTA or South Asian free trade agreement come under the ambit of ASEAN (Association of South East Asian nations)
  2. Pakistan is not a member of SAFTA

Select the correct statements

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both

d) None


 

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