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Gender Inequality Index

  • IASbaba
  • December 10, 2019
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Gender Inequality Index

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Development

In News

  • The GII is an inequality indexreleased by UNDP. It measures gender inequalities in three important aspects of human development—
    • reproductive Health, measured by maternal mortality ratio and adolescent birth rates; 
    • Empowerment, measured by proportion of parliamentary seats occupied by females and proportion of adult females and males aged 25 years and older with at least some secondary education; and 
    • Economic status, expressed as labour market participation and measured by labour force participation rate of female and male populations aged 15 years and older.
  • The GII is built on the same framework as the IHDI—to better expose differences in the distribution of achievements between women and men. 
  • It measures the human development costs of gender inequality. Thus the higher the GII value the more disparities between females and males and the more loss to human development.
  • In the Gender Inequality Index (GII), India is at 122 out of 162 countries. Neighbours China (39), Sri Lanka (86), Bhutan (99), Myanmar (106) were placed above India.
  • The report forecasts that it may take 202 years to close the gender gap in economic opportunity
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 10th December 2019

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 10th December 2019

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