Gurudwara Nankana Sahib in Pakistan
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- History
- Gurdwara Janam Asthan (also called Nankana Sahib Gurdwara) is built over the site where Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, was believed to be born in 1469
- The Janam Asthan shrine was constructed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, after he visited Nankana Sahib in 1818-19 while returning from the Battle of Multan.
- During British rule, the Gurdwara Janam Asthan was the site of a violent episode when in 1921, over 130 Akali Sikhs were killed after they were attacked by the Mahant of the shrine.
- The incident is regarded as one of the key milestones in the Gurdwara Reform Movement, which led to the passing of the Sikh Gurdwara Act in 1925 that ended the Mahant control of Gurdwaras.