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Iran to quit NPT (Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons)

  • IASbaba
  • January 21, 2020
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Iran to quit NPT (Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons)

Part of: GS Prelims –IR and GS-II- International Organization

In news:

  • Iran threatened to withdraw from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) if European countries bring alleged violations of the historic nuclear deal with world powers to the United Nations Security Council

From Prelims point of view:

Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

  • The NPT is a landmark international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.
  • The Treaty represents the only binding commitment in a multilateral treaty to the goal of disarmament by the nuclear-weapon States.
  • Treaty establishes a safeguards system under the responsibility of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Iran Nuclear deal

  • Iran agreed to rein in its nuclear programme in a 2015 deal struck with the US, UK, Russia, China, France and Germany.
  • Under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) Tehran agreed to significantly cut its stores of centrifuges, enriched uranium and heavy-water, all key components for nuclear weapons.
  • The JCPOA established the Joint Commission, with the negotiating parties all represented, to monitor implementation of the agreement.

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