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Notified disaster and State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF)

  • IASbaba
  • March 16, 2020
  • 0
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Notified disaster and State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Disaster Management

In News:

  • Ministry of Home Affairs decided to treat COVID-19 as a notified disaster for the purpose of providing assistance under SDRF.
  • The SDRF is constituted under the Disaster Management Act, 2005 and is the primary fund available with state governments for responses to notified disasters. 
  • The Central government contributes 
    • 75% towards the SDRF allocation for general category states and UTs.
    • 90% for special category states/UTs, which includes north-eastern states, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand).

Value Addition for Prelims

  • For SDRF, the Centre releases funds in two equal instalments as per the recommendation of the Finance Commission. 
  • On the other hand, the National Disaster Response Fund, which is also constituted under the Disaster Management Act, 2005 supplements the SDRF of a state, in case of a disaster of severe nature, provided adequate funds are not available in the SDRF.

Did You Know?

  • In a similar move, US President also declared a national emergency in the country invoking the Stafford Act, as per which, the federal government contributes about 75% to the cost of relief for states.

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