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Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act: States demand access to revenue

  • IASbaba
  • April 14, 2020
  • 0
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Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act: States demand access to revenue

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Economy

In News:

  • Recently, majority of the Chief Ministers demanded increasing the State’s access to revenue under the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act due to crippling shortage of funds. 

Important value additions: 

Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act

  • The FRBM Act, enacted in 2003 by Parliament aims to reduce India’s fiscal deficit and improve macroeconomic management.
  • Since then, every Budget includes a Medium Term Fiscal Policy Statement that specifies the annual revenue and fiscal deficit goals over a three-year horizon.
  • The present target is of reducing the fiscal deficit to 3.1% of GDP by March 2023
  • The Act allows the government to exceed the annual fiscal deficit target under extra-ordinary situations like national security, national calamity.
  • Due to COVID-19 pandemic, the current circumstances would be apt for suspending both the Centre’s and States’ fiscal deficit targets.
  • This would allow both the Union government and States to undertake the much-needed increases in expenditure to meet the extraordinary circumstances.

Fiscal deficit

  • It is a shortfall in a government’s income compared with its spending. 
  • The government that has a fiscal deficit is spending beyond its means.

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