Assam floods: Several rare Rhinos died due to floods
Part of: GS Prelims and Mains III – Conservation of endangered species; Protected areas
Key facts from the article:
- All rhinos have poor eyesight. They have blurred vision and tend to attack based on smell and hearing.
- Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR) – has more than 55% of the world’s population of the one-horned Rhinos.
Kaziranga National Park
- It is a national park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam. The sanctuary, which hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses, is a World Heritage Site.
- Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for conservation of avifaunal species.
- Kaziranga has the largest population of the Wild water buffalo anywhere accounting for about 57% of the world population.
Total number of National Parks in Assam is Five (5). Kaziranga National Park, Manas National park, Orang National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park and Nameri National Park.
- One-horned rhinoceros is the largest of the Asian Rhinos.
- Assam is home to the largest population of one-horned rhinos.
- IUCN status: Vulnerable
- It is included in the Schedule – I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.