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Assam floods: Several rare Rhinos died due to floods 

  • IASbaba
  • July 20, 2020
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Assam floods: Several rare Rhinos died due to floods 

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains III – Conservation of endangered species; Protected areas

Key facts from the article: 

  • All rhinos have poor eyesight. They have blurred vision and tend to attack based on smell and hearing. 
  • Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR) – has more than 55% of the world’s population of the one-­horned Rhinos. 

Kaziranga National Park 

  • It is a national park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam. The sanctuary, which hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses, is a World Heritage Site. 
  • Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for conservation of avifaunal species. 
  • Kaziranga has the largest population of the Wild water buffalo anywhere accounting for about 57% of the world population. 

Total number of National Parks in Assam is Five (5). Kaziranga National Park, Manas National park, Orang National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park and Nameri National Park. 

One-horned rhino: 

  •  One-horned rhinoceros is the largest of the Asian Rhinos. 
  • Assam is home to the largest population of one-horned rhinos. 

Conservation status: 

  • IUCN status: Vulnerable 
  • It is included in the Schedule – I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. 

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