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India-Bangladesh: Cattle smuggling issue 

  • IASbaba
  • July 20, 2020
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India-Bangladesh: Cattle smuggling issue 

Part of: GS Mains II – India and its neighbourhood relations; Bilateral ties 

In news: 

  • Three Bangladeshi nationals alleged to be cattle smugglers were lynched by locals in Assam. Four others from across the border escaped. 
  • This was the second such incident in the same district of Assam in less than two months. 

Unresolved issues and irritants that remain: 

  1. Water sharing: Teesta River Agreement, Farakka barriage, Bangladesh objection to the construction of Tipaimukh dam on Barak river in Manipur.   
  2. Migrant’s issue: NRC exercise and perception that illegal migrants will be deported to Bangladesh. 
  3. Illegal activities along border: Cattle smuggling, trafficking, drugs dealing and fake currency. 
  4. India’s handling of Rohingya issue. 
  5. China factor: growing security and military relations, increasing investment of china in infrastructural projects in Bangladesh is cause of concern for India. Ex: Chittagong port. 
  6. Delivery deficit associated with Indian projects in Bangladesh. 

Key facts: 

  • India shares longest border of length 4,096 km with Bangladesh.  
  • Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north and the east and Myanmar to the east, whereas the Bay of Bengal lies to its south. 
  • Indian states Assam, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and West Bengal share the India-Bangladesh border. 

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