World Population Day
Part of: GS- Prelims and GS-1: Society
- Every year, 11th July is celebrated as the World Population Day
- Theme for 2020: How to safeguard the health and rights of women and girls amid the Covid-19 pandemic
- It was established by the then-Governing Council of the UN Development Programme in 1989, an outgrowth of the interest generated by the “Day of Five Billion” which was observed on 11 July 1987
- Current estimates indicate that roughly 83 million people are being added to the world’s population every year.
- India has just 2% of the world’s landmass and 16% of the global population.
- Although the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is declining in India, poorer states like Bihar (3.2), Uttar Pradesh (3.0), Rajasthan (2.6) and Jharkhand (2.5) still have TFRs above the national average of 2.2.
- Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is the average number of children born to women during their reproductive years. For the population to remain stable, an overall total fertility rate of 2.1 is needed.