BRICS 5G Innovation Base
Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-II – International Relations & GS-III – Science and Technology; Artificial Intelligence
- BRICS 5G innovation base has been proposed by China.
- Objective: To take forward 5G and Artificial Intelligence (AI) cooperation BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).
- Due to ongoing tensions between India and China, India is reluctant to join the programme while other countries are willing to allow China’s participation in their 5G networks.
- India has made clear that a return to normalcy cannot be possible while tensions along the Line of Actual Control remain unresolved.
- India has also recently joined the ‘Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI)’ as a founding member.
- Russia has agreed to work with China on 5G.
- In South Africa, Huawei is providing services to provide 5G networks.
- Brazil has allowed participation of Huawei in 5G trials.
Important value additions
- BRICS is an association of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
- All are members of G20.
- Represent over 3.1 billion people, 41% of the world population.
- As of 2018, BRICS have US $40.55 trillion (32% of World’s GDP PPP).
- Bilateral relations among BRICS nations are conducted on the basis of non-interference, equality, and mutual benefit.
- There are two components that make up the financial architecture of BRICS:
- New Development Bank (NDB) (BRICS Development Bank)
- Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA).