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Namath Basai: A unique programme in Kerala

  • IASbaba
  • August 27, 2020
  • 0
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Namath Basai: A unique programme in Kerala

Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-II – Policies and Interventions; Education & GS-I – Society (Tribes)

In News:

  • Namath Basai is a unique programme being carried out in Attappady, Kerala. 
  • Under it, tribal children are taught in their mother tongue.

Key takeaways 

  • The programme is being implemented by the Samagra Shiksha Kerala (SSK).
    • SSK is a programme for the school education sector (pre-school to class 12).
    • Aim: To improve school effectiveness. 
  • It offers pre-recorded classes through a YouTube channel. 
  • It is available in three tribal languages of the Irula, Muduka and Kurumba tribes.
  • It is being introduced in tribal belts of Wayanad and Idukki as well. 
  • Classes are offered in the Oorali, Mutuvan and Paniya languages in Idukki. 

Important value additions 

Kurumba Tribe

  • Popularly known as: Mala Pulayans, Hill Pulayans and Pamba Pulayans.
  • Traditional occupation : Foraging and shifting cultivation. 
  • Art of body tattooing.
  • Skilled in manufacture of baskets and mats
  • Religion: Animism (belief in spirituality of objects, places, and creatures) and Totemism (Worship of any species of plants or animals thought to possess supernatural powers)

Irula or Irular Tribe

  • Occupation: Agriculturists
  • Grow Paddy, Ragi, dhal, plantains, chillies and turmeric
  • Religion: Majority worship Vishnu (Rangaswami and Siva). Some worship the tiger and practice animism.

Mudugars or Muduka tribe

  • Have social divisions at kal (clan) level.
  • Traditional Occupation: Food gatherers and hunters. 
  • Religion: Hinduism (Worship Shiva) 

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